The bitten-off Bridge and Leela soaring through space is like Data going from the stricken Enterprise to the Reman warbird Scimitar in the Star Trek movie Nemesis.
Captain Lando Tucker connected to the wall of the Whale's bowels is a play on Pirates of the Caribbean where in the brig, Bootstrap Bill Turner is connected to the wall of the ship.
The Planet Express Crews roles parallel to the crew in Moby Dick. Dr. Zoidberg parallels the protagonist, Ishmael since they are both social outcasts and survived. Leela parallels to Captain Ahab because like Ahab, Leela became obsessed with killing a whale but the difference between them is that Ahab lost a leg while Leela only lost the monument.
In the starship graveyard, the colorful round spaceship -which is the logo of the band Electric Light Orchestra- can be seen. The spaceship was in the cover of ELO's memorable albums, such as Out of the Blue and Discovery.